Bueng Kan is 750 kilometers away from Bangkok or 136 kilometres northeast of Nong Khai. Its northern border lies adjacent to the Mekong river , opposite to Bolikhamsai Province of the Lao People's Democratic Republic (Lao PDR). With a total area of 4,305 square kilometers, the land is mostly covered by forest and agriculture with para rubber as the important economic crop. Major tourist attractions include waterfalls, mountains and beautiful scenery of the Mekong River.
Bueng Kan has been separated from Nong Khai and established as a province of Thailand on March 23, 2011. The province is divided into 8 districts including Amphoe Mueang Bueng Kan, Amphoe Pak Khat, So Phisai, Si Wilai, Phon Charoen, Seka, Bueng Khong Long and Bung Khla.